September 24, 2021
Greek-Empire

69 Awesome Interesting Fun Facts about Greek empire

(Last Updated On: April 16, 2021)

Greek Empire had a tremendous influence on the Roman Empire, which allowed it to be tailored and delivered to the remainder of Europe.

Ancient Greek Empire was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic interval of the eighth to c. 5th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD).

Classical Greek culture, particularly philosophy, had a robust effect on the Roman Empire, which carried a model of it to many components of the Mediterranean Basin and Europe. For this purpose, Classical Greece is usually thought of to be the seminal culture that provided the muse of modern Western culture and is taken into account as the cradle of Western civilization.

Greek Empire facts

The cradle of democracy, slavery, and nudity—listed here are 69 attention-grabbing info in regards to the Greek world of antiquity.

Greek Empire Quick Facts

  1. The phrase “school” comes from the ancient Greek for “free time.”
  2. At its economic height, within the fifth and 4th centuries BC, Ancient Greece was probably the most superior economy on the earth.
  3. The city-states had been usually at warfare, however simply before the Olympics, a truce can be known so that everybody may travel to Olympia safely.
  4. The Ancient Greeks exercised bare.
  5. The Greeks had some unusual superstitions about meals – some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought they contained the souls of the useless!
  6. Ancient Romans had been a bath-loving people. They sometimes frequented public baths as soon as a day.
  7. In ancient Greek, the phrase “idiot” meant anybody who wasn’t a politician.
  8. Between 40% and 80% of the inhabitants of Classical Athens had been slaves.
  9. The phrase “music” comes from the Muses, goddesses of the humanities in Greek mythology.
  10. Events at the Greek Olympics included wrestling, boxing, long bounce, javelin, discus, and chariot racing. But these collaborating within the wrestling occasion needed to be the hardest, as there have been hardly any guidelines – they usually needed to compete bare. Eek!
  11. Ancient Greece’s boys went to school at the age of seven in the event that they lived in Athens, or went to the barracks in the event that they lived in Sparta.
  12. Classical Greek culture, which flourished through the fifth to 4th centuries BC, had a robust influence on the Roman Empire and supplied the muse of modern Western culture.
  13. Statues of Greek gods and goddesses had been positioned inside temples, probably the most well-known of which is the Parthenon. This temple in Athens was constructed for the goddess Athena, the protector of the city.
  14. Ancient Greek democracy, the world’s first, lasted for under 185 years.
  15. In Ancient Greece, an important part of a rich teenager’s education was a mentorship with an elder, which is a number of locations that may have included pederastic love.
  16. The discoveries of Greek mathematicians equivalent to Pythagoras, Euclid, and Archimedes, are nonetheless utilized in mathematical teachings right now.
  17. Spartan males weren’t allowed to stay with their households till they left their lively army service at age 30.
  18. In ancient Greece, throwing an apple at somebody was performed to declare one’s love.
  19. The phrase “Dinosaur” comes from ancient Greek which suggests “terrible lizard.”
  20. There was no phrase for “religion” in ancient Greece.
  21. Most Ancient Greeks wore a chiton, which was a long T-shirt produced from one giant piece of cotton. The poor slaves, nonetheless, needed to make do with a loincloth (a small strip of material wrapped across the waist)!
  22. The ancient Greek Aristarchus of Samos first proposed the speculation that the Sun is the middle round in which the planets orbit within the third century BC.

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23. Greek Empire Timeline

It’s believed the first Ancient Greek Empire had been fashioned practically 4,000 years ago (roughly 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeans of Crete (a Greek Island). The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece by Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks began to separate their land into city-states, every with its personal legal guidelines, customs, and rulers.

The Greeks moved southwards into the Balkan promontory in waves, beginning within the late third millennium BC, the final being the Dorian invasion. The proto-Greek language is accepted thus far to someday between the 23rd and 17th centuries BC.

The interval from 1600 BC to around 1100 BC is named Mycenaean Greece, well-known for the rule of King Agamemnon and the wars in opposition to Troy, as described within the sagas of Homer.

The interval from 1100 BC to the eighth century BC is a “dark age” from which no important writings survive and solely meager archeological proof stays. Third-hand accounts, for instance, Herodotus’ Histories, Pausanias’ Description of Greece, Diodorus’ Bibliotheca, and Jerome’s Chronicon include references to this era and doc among the rulers from this time. The history of ancient Greece is usually believed to have completed with the rule of Alexander the Great who died in 323 BC.

The history of ancient Greece depends closely on contemporary sources. The Greek historians and political journalists whose works have endured, most notably Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, Demosthenes, Plato, and Aristotle, had been for probably the most half Athenians. That is why many of those accounts give attention to the history and legislative problems with Athens over different cities.

They provide little perception into the on a regular basis lifetime of communities and include barely any social history; their focus is totally on the political, army, and strategic points.

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24. Greek Empire Education

For probably the most half, education was a non-public affair and most well-to-do households may afford a non-public tutor. However, through the Hellenistic interval, some city-states arrange government-funded faculties.

Young males had been taught easy methods to write, sing, and play one melodic instrument and had been ready for a lifetime of army administration. Many of them had been upper-class residents and didn’t need to work. Young girls had been taught easy methods to write and do primary math to assist them with operating a family.

Few younger males continued their education into maturity, excluding the Spartans who underwent in-depth army coaching. Most younger males had a mentor and realized by watching him debate authorized points within the market, serving to him along with his public duties, training with him within the recreation middle, and going to symposia with him. Some college students went on to coach in faculties within the cities such because the Lyceum and the Academy, the place they had been beneath the tutelage of probably the most noteworthy instructors.

Boys went to school at the age of seven, or went to the barracks, in the event that they lived in Sparta. The three kinds of teachings had been: grammatistes for arithmetic, kitharistes for music and dancing, and Paedotribae for sports activities.

25. There was one mother for all ancient Greek monsters

Most of the well-known monsters from Greek Mythology had the same mother! Echidna, the mother of Monsters, was half-woman and half-snake. Echidna and her mate Typhon, a monstrous serpentine large, tried to overthrow Zeus for the supremacy of the world. Zeus, with the help of his thunderbolts, managed to defeat them and punished Typhon by burying him beneath Mount Etna. Echidna and her descendants lived to a problem many future Heroes.

Some of her descendants had been: Cerberus, the three-headed dog of Hades, guardian of the Underworld; Lernaean Hydra, the serpentine water monster that was killed by Hercules; Chimera, the fire-breathing hybrid creature; the treacherous Sphinx that might kill anybody that might reply wrongly to her riddle; Scylla, the legendary monster that killed lots of Odysseus’ crew throughout his adventures in Homer’s Odyssey. Those had been the times!

26. Greek Empire Economy

At its economic height, within the fifth and 4th centuries BC, ancient Greece was probably the most superior economy on the earth. According to some economic historians, it was one of the crucial superior pre-industrial economies.

This is demonstrated by the average day by day wage of the Greek employee which was, when it comes to wheat, about 12 kg. This was more than Three instances of the average day by day wage of an Egyptian employee through the Roman interval, about 3.75 kg.

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27. The Olympics Originated in Greece

Greece is nicely generally known as the birthplace of the modern Olympics, and historians imagine that the first-ever Greek Olympics was held as a religious celebration in 776 BC in honor of the mighty god, Zeus.

However, the sporting occasions then had been very completely different from those we see right now. Two very popular occasions had been the thrilling however harmful chariot race and an ancient sport generally known as pankration which was a combination of wrestling and boxing.

Boxing itself was a separate occasion and was not divided into weight classes. You may additionally view ancient Greece because the first place to host extremely competitive occasions like modern-day combined martial arts contests.

One closing focal point is that, for probably the most half, the ancient Greeks competed within the nude or sporting only a thong.

28. Ancient Greeks had been very superstitious

Ancient Greeks had been very sensible, however, they had been additionally very superstitious. Superstitions performed a giant half of their on a regular basis life.

Some days of every month had been thought of ominous, so they might keep away from necessary duties equivalent to sowing or marriage. They would additionally take measures before doing sure duties, in order that they might not anger the gods. For instance, praying first before crossing a river.

However, there’s one superstition that survived to at the present time in Greece! The so-called ‘evil eye’. It continues to be believed by Greeks that somebody can solid the evil eye to another person out of envy (good or dangerous) and jealousy.

The signs of getting the evil eye are dizziness, sturdy headache, and yawning. The excellent news is that the ‘spell’ may be damaged by somebody that is aware of easy methods to carry out the particular counter ritual.

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29. Ancient Greeks counted time in two methods

Ancient Greeks had two completely different conceptions of time, utilizing two completely different words: Chronos and kairos. The former refers to time as we all know and measure it right now, the chronological time. The latter signifies a correct or opportune time for motion. In different phrases, the right time to do one thing.

In distinction to Chronos, which is quantitative, kairos has a qualitative nature. Ancient Pythagoreans thought kairos to be one of the crucial elementary legal guidelines of the universe. In Aristotle’s scheme of rhetoric, kairos performs a vital position. For him, kairos is the time and house context through which the proof shall be delivered.

30. Greek Empire Warfare

The rise of Athens and Sparta as pre-eminent powers throughout this battle led to the Peloponnesian War, which noticed additional growth of the character of warfare, strategy, and ways.

Fought between leagues of cities dominated by Athens and Sparta, the elevated manpower and financial sources elevated the size and allowed the diversification of warfare.

Set-piece battles through the Peloponnesian warfare proved indecisive and as a substitute, there was elevated reliance on attritionary methods, naval battle and blockades, and sieges. These modifications vastly elevated the variety of casualties and the disruption of Greek society.

Athens owned one of many largest warfare fleets in ancient Greece. It had over 200 triremes every powered by 170 oarsmen who had been seated in Three rows on either side of the ship. The city may afford such a big fleet—it had over 34,000 oars males—as a result of it owned plenty of silver mines that had been labored by slaves.

31. The Greeks Didn’t Call Their Country Greece

This is a really weird assertion, however, the Greeks have known as their nation Hellas or Hellada for a long time, with its official name being the Hellenic Republic. The English phrase “Greece” comes from the phrase Graecia, which is Latin for “the land of the Greeks.”

32. The Marathon

A runner named Pheidippides ran 150 miles in about 500 BC from Marathon to hunt help from the legendary Spartans in opposition to Xerxes and the Persians. After the Greeks gained, Pheidippides ran 25 miles back from Marathon to Athens to announce the victory. And long-distance operating had gained a brand new name.

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33. Ancient Greek Armour

The Ancient Greeks lived in what we call the Bronze Age, so their armor was made not of metal however of bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. Bronze isn’t as sturdy as metal so that you need more of it to present the same safety, which is why Ancient Greeks troopers carried about 33 Kg of armor in battle.

34. Athens – Europe’s Earliest Capital

Although Athens is known for its history within the first millennium BC the city’s earliest origins had been a few thousand years older than that, making Europe’s oldest capital city and one of many oldest cities in Europe and the world.

35. Greek culture

Classical Greek culture, particularly philosophy, had a robust influence on ancient Rome, which carried a model of it all through the Mediterranean and far of Europe. For this purpose, Classical Greece is usually thought of as the cradle of Western civilization, the seminal culture from which the modern West derives lots of its founding archetypes and concepts in politics, philosophy, science, and artwork.

36. Shake on It

The custom of greeting somebody by shaking arms dates as far back because the ancient Greeks. One part of the Acropolis depicts the Greek goddess of marriage, Hera, shaking arms with the Greek goddess of intelligence, Athena.

37. Ancient Greeks used stones for toilet paper

It could come as a shock to many, however, there was no bathroom paper in classical Greece! The checklist of issues people from completely different cultures of the world would use before the invention of bathroom paper is basically countless. It consists of tree leaves, corn, coconut shells, sheep’s wool and sails (for individuals who may afford it), sponges tied to rods, or plain water.

But, arguably, it’s the Ancient Greeks who make the distinction! For specific hygiene functions, they used stones, pebbles, or ceramic items. Useful information to recollect if you happen to ever camp within the woods or at a seashore and also you run out of paper…

38. Greek Empire Philosophy

Ancient Greek Empire philosophy centered on the position of purpose and inquiry. In some ways, it had a necessary influence on modern philosophy, in addition to modern science. Clear unbroken strains of affect lead from ancient Greek and Hellenistic philosophers, to medieval Muslim philosophers and Islamic scientists, to the European Renaissance and Enlightenment, to the secular sciences of the modern-day.

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39. Greek Empire Slavery

Somewhere within the area of 40 to 80 % of the inhabitants of Classical Athens had been slaves, and historians imagine that over the complete area, the ratio of slaves to the remainder of the inhabitants may have been roughly 2:5. Slaves had been frequent in all households and most Greek households owned at the very least one slave. Other slaves such because the “helots” had been state-owned.

40. Army by born

Every Spartan male citizen grew to become a soldier of the Spartan military completely in arms. Rich and poor residents alike had been obliged to stay and practice as troopers, equality which defused social battle. These reforms, attributed to Lycurgus of Sparta, had been in all probability full by 650 BC.

41. Present through past

Women in Ancient Greece paid plenty of consideration to their look. They dyed their hair blonde and added curls utilizing a sizzling iron. They plucked their eyebrows with tweezers, painted their faces white with lead carbonate, and accentuated their options – notably the eyes – utilizing mineral and plant dyes.

Bronze mirrors, combs fabricated from ivory, small bottles of fragrance (alabastra), and packing containers for jewelry and cosmetics (pyxides) accomplished the range of women’s equipment. “Waxing” was additionally a regular factor for them. They used razors produced from flints, tweezers, lotions, and stones.

42. Helots

Sparta had a particular kind of slaves known as helots. Helots had been Messenians enslaved through the Messenian Wars by the state and assigned to households the place they had been compelled to remain.

Helots raised meals and did family chores so that ladies may think about elevating sturdy youngsters whereas males may commit their time to train as hoplites. Their masters handled them harshly, and helots revolted in opposition to their masters a number of instances before in 370/69 they gained their freedom.

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43. Greek Empire Literature and library

The Hellenistic interval noticed the literary center of the Greek world transfer from Athens, the place it had been within the classical interval, to Alexandria. At the identical time, different Hellenistic kings such because the Antigonids and the Attalids had been patrons of scholarship and literature, turning Pella and Pergamon respectively into cultural centers.

It was because of this cultural patronage by Hellenistic kings, and particularly the Museum at Alexandria, which ensured that a lot of ancient Greek literature has survived. The Library of Alexandria, a part of the Museum, had the previously-unenvisaged purpose of amassing collectively copies of all recognized authors in Greek.

44. Ancient Greeks used sexual efficiency aids

Honey and pepper was the final word ancient Viagra! In antiquity, there were a lot of preparations designed to enhance males’ sexual efficiency. Some of them enabled them to have everlasting stimulation. Honey together with pepper was one of the crucial frequent and efficient formulations. The man would put the combination on his penis and rub it with it.

45. 12kg of wheat

At its economical height within the fifth and fourth centuries BC, ancient Greece was probably the most developed economy on the earth. This may be seen from the average daily Greek wage which was around 12kg of wheat. During the Roman period, the average pay for an Egyptian laborer was about 3.75kg.

46. Greeks conquered the city of Troy

A well-known legend tells how, in 1180 BC, the crafty Greeks conquered the city of Troy – by hiding inside an enormous picket horse! The horse was left outdoors the city’s partitions and, pondering it a present, the people of Troy wheeled it inside… just for the sneaky Greek troopers inside to creep out and seize the city!

47. Ancient Greeks invented the theatre

They liked watching performances, and most cities had a theatre – some large enough to carry 15,000 people! Only males and boys had been allowed to be actors, they usually wore masks, which confirmed to the viewers whether or not their character was comfortable or unhappy. Some of the masks had two sides, so the actor may flip them round to alter the temper for every scene.

48. Festivals in honor of their gods

The Ancient Greeks held many festivals in honor of their gods. To have fun the god Zeus, for instance, the first Greek Olympics had been held within the city of Olympia in 776 BC and are thought to have impressed our personal Olympic Games! The winners of every occasion got a wreath of leaves, and after they returned dwelling, they might be given free meals and the perfect seats within the theatre!

49. Colorblind

Homer, in his well-known works Iliad and Odyssey, describes the Mediterranean Sea as “wine-dark” sea. Have you ever seemed on the sea and thought that it was the color of claret? Homer, really, names just a few coloration phrases and makes use of the same colors to explain objects that look fairly completely different.

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50. Greek Empire Slaves

Slaves had no energy or standing. They had the right to have a family and personal property, subject to their grasp’s goodwill and permission, however, that they had no political rights. By 600 BC chattel slavery had spread in Greece. By the fifth century, BC slaves made up one-third of the total inhabitants in some city-states.

Between forty and eighty percent of the inhabitants of Classical Athens had been slaves. Slaves outdoors of Sparta virtually by no means revolted as a result of they had been made up of too many nationalities and had been too scattered to prepare. However, not like later Western culture, the Ancient Greeks didn’t suppose when it comes to race.

51. Greek Empire Music and dance

Music was present virtually universally in Greek society, from marriages and funerals to religious ceremonies, theatre, people music, and the ballad-like reciting of epic poetry. There are important fragments of precise Greek musical notation in addition to many literary references to ancient Greek music.

Greek artwork depicts musical devices and dance. The phrase music derives from the name of the Muses, the daughters of Zeus who had been patron goddesses of the humanities.

52. Greek Empire Craftsmanship

The Greek statesman Pericles used taxes and contributions from the rich to spice up the Athenian state. An instance of that is the magnificent Parthenon, constructed to pay tribute to the goddess Athena on the Acropolis.

Pericles additionally paid for annual performances equivalent to comedies and tragedies to be staged on the Acropolis. These performances embodied the social and cultural accomplishments of the ancient Greeks whereas the Parthenon confirmed how superior their structure had grown to be.

The great structure of the ancient Greeks bears testament to their superior craftsmanship and constructing strategies and is woven into the material of their day-by-day and political life.

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53. Greek Empire Art and structure

The artwork of ancient Greece has exercised an infinite effect on the culture of many nations from ancient instances to the present day, notably within the areas of sculpture and structure. In the West, the artwork of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek fashions.

In the East, Alexander the Great’s conquests initiated a number of centuries of trade between Greek, Central Asian, and Indian cultures, leading to Greco-Buddhist artwork, with ramifications so far as Japan.

Following the Renaissance in Europe, the humanist aesthetic and the high technical requirements of Greek artwork impressed generations of European artists. Well into the 19th century, the classical custom derived from Greece dominated the artwork of the western world.

54. Greek Empire Science and technology

Ancient Greek arithmetic contributed many necessary developments to the sphere of arithmetic, together with the fundamental guidelines of geometry, the thought of formal mathematical proof, and discoveries in quantity idea, mathematical analysis, utilized arithmetic, and approached near establishing integral calculus. The discoveries of a number of Greek mathematicians, together with Pythagoras, Euclid, and Archimedes, are nonetheless utilized in mathematical instructing right now.

55. Pregnancy test

Pregnancy exams should not devise in modern instances. Ancient Greeks had a fairly uncommon methodology for detecting if a girl was pregnant. They would insert a clove of garlic inside the lady’s vagina in a single day.

If she was not pregnant, her breath would odor of onions the next morning. The thought behind this take a look at was that, if there was no baby, the lady’s tomb can be ‘unobstructed’ and the odor would travel as much as her mouth.

56. Greek Empire Religion

Religion was a central part of ancient Greek life. Though the Greeks of various cities and tribes worshipped related gods, religious practices weren’t uniform and the gods had been considered in another way elsewhere.

The Greeks had been polytheistic, worshipping many gods, however as early because the sixth century BC a pantheon of twelve Olympians started to develop. Greek faith was influenced by the practices of the Greeks’ close to eastern neighbors at the very least as early because of the archaic interval, and by the Hellenistic interval, this effect was seen in each direction.

The most necessary religious act in ancient Greece was animal sacrifice, mostly of sheep and goats. Sacrifice was accompanied by public prayer, and prayer and hymns had been themselves a serious part of ancient Greek religious life.

57. Water to their wine

The wine was at the core of Ancient Greek culture. There was even a god of wine within the Pantheon, god Dionysus. However, it was thought of hubris for mortals to get drunk; a behavior suited solely to barbarians. It was believed that solely god Dionysus may drink wine without water and never get drunk.

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58. The Term “Idiot”

In ancient Greece, an “idiot” was anybody who didn’t take part in political or public arenas. Their reverse was the “polites” who had been thought of worthy public residents.
“Idiot” (Ιδιωτης) comes from the phrase idios, which means “self” or a selfish one that ignores political debate, doesn’t participate in decision making and usually doesn’t take part in politics. As the phrase implies, it was somebody who solely cared for himself, “separated from the whole.”

Being an idiot, due to this fact, was thought of as a critical flaw. Idiots had been considered weak-minded people who let others control their lives, and with time the phrase has advanced to grow to be a typical insult.

59. Greek Empire Democracy

In ancient Greece, politics was a critical business, and figuring out the way in which through which the city-state would rule was of utmost significance for everybody. This was very true in democratic Athens the place each citizen had the right to state their opinion publicly and certainly had been obliged to take action. Any man had the right for his opinion to be heard by his friends and respectfully debated.

Athens fell beneath a tyranny within the second half of the sixth century. When this tyranny was ended, the Athenians based the world’s first democracy as a radical answer to stop the aristocracy from regaining power.

A residents’ meeting (the Ecclesia), for the dialogue of city policy, had existed for the reason that reforms of Draco in 621 BC; all residents had been permitted to attend after the reforms of Solon (early sixth century), however, the poorest residents couldn’t handle the meeting or run for office. With the institution of the democracy, the meeting grew to become the de jure mechanism of presidency; all residents had equal privileges within the meeting. However, non-citizens, equivalent to metics (foreigners dwelling in Athens) or slaves, had no political rights in any respect.

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60. Purchased slaves with salt

Not solely did salt serve to taste and protect meals, it made a great antiseptic, which is why the Roman phrase for these salubrious crystals (salt) is a first cousin to Salus, the goddess of health. Salt was so necessary {that a} soldier’s pay—consisting in a part of salt—got here to be generally known as solarium Argentum, from which we derive the phrase wage. A soldier’s wage was cut if he “was not worth his salt,” a phrase that got here into being as a result of the Greeks and Romans usually purchased slaves with salt.

61. Ancient Greeks had plenty of tales

The Ancient Greeks had plenty of tales to assist them to find out about their world. The gods featured closely in these tales, and so did mythological monsters – like Cerberus, a three-headed dog that guarded the gates to the underworld; Medusa, a slithery sorceress whose look may flip people to stone; and the Cyclops who had one eye in the midst of its brow – yikes! These tales are generally known as Greek mythology.

62. The Minoans – The Earliest Greek Civilisation

The first great civilization in Greece grew up on the island of Crete. The Minoans had their palace at Knossos the place wall work dated about 2,000 BC present acrobats making somersaults over charging bulls.

63. Cyclopean Masonry

The Minoans had been conquered by the Myceneans from the Peloponnese in 1450 BC. We visited the ruins of Mycenae, a powerful hill fortress constructed from stones so large that they might solely have been lifted by giants generally known as Cyclopses. Some of the partitions at Mycenae are 8m thick and among the stones are as large as 2m high or long. How the Ancient Greeks handle to build of the partitions we study in the Ancient Greek Technology Museum in Athens.

64. Hair to declare their status-quo

Beard was an emblem of status for a person. Their grooming was of the utmost significance but additionally a subject of competitors between males, which made the great hairdressers very wanted. Ancient Greeks, in reality, thought of the beard an emblem of manhood and knowledge. The Spartans punished the cowards by shaving a part of their beards.

The hair was thought of by them to be probably the most useful half that the human body may produce; they believed that the hair gave energy to the useless for his or her journey to the Underworld. On the opposite hand, shedding hair for Ancient Greeks was not a destructive factor. On the opposite, it was a sign of their knowledge. This is the rationale most statues depicting philosophers are bald.

65. No Wars Before the Olympic Games

In the month before the ancient Olympic Games befell, no preventing was permitted, permitting spectators to travel throughout Greece safely to get to the video games. To encourage this, and in deference to the religious significance of the video games, a ceasefire or ekecheiria was put in place throughout Greece.

At first, the ceasefire was for one month however over a whole bunch of years, it was prolonged to 3. No wars had been allowed, no arms might be carried within the area of Elis, and no obstruction was to be put in the way in which of spectators, rivals, or “theories,” the officers who needed to travel from their houses to the video games.

Envoys or spondophoroi had been despatched from Elis to publicize the video games throughout Greece, and spectators got here from mainland Greece in addition to the islands, Ionia and Magna Graecia.

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66. Early Culture and Shopping Lists

Over the next millennium, what we now call Greece developed as about 1,500 impartial city-states every with its agricultural lands and fortress or palace. Most of the time these city-states traded peacefully with one another and with the surface world and had been safe sufficient to make time for creative arts and the event of the first writing.

Some of the earliest written information we’ve right now had been procuring lists scratched onto clay – nicely not procuring lists precisely however palatial accounts of the numbers of animals and foodstuffs procured for some celebration. The delicate clay was unintentionally burnt in a fireplace that destroyed the palace of Nestor, and so it was preserved for twentieth-century archaeologists to decipher.

67. Athens and Democracy in Ancient Greece

The city of Athens named itself in honor of the virgin Goddess of knowledge, craftsmanship, and victory, Athena. Athena gained the city from her rival the ocean god Poseidon, by a ballot of the Gods.

The Goddesses voted for Athena, and the Gods supported Poseidon. Athena gained by one vote which made Poseidon so offended that violent sea storms threatened the city till he might be pacified.

The value that he demanded was that from then on, ladies mustn’t vote, and so when the residents of Athens invented the brand new system of rule generally known as democracy, solely males had been allowed within the poll.

The strongest city-states included Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and Corinth.

68. Greek Empire Social Structure

In Athens, the populace was separated into 4 social courses relying on wealth, and people may transfer up a category provided that they attained more cash.

In Sparta, all male natives had been known as homoioi, which means “peers” however Spartan lords, who acted because the city-state’s army and religious leaders, originated from simply two households. Only free, land-owning, regionally born males certified for full assurance beneath the legislation in a city-state. In most city-states, not like in Rome, the high social ranking didn’t give a person additional rights.

69. Roman Greece

The Greek peninsula got here beneath Roman rule through the 146 BC conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth. Macedonia grew to become a Roman province whereas southern Greece got here beneath the surveillance of Macedonia’s prefect; nonetheless, some Greek poleis managed to keep up partial independence and keep away from taxation. The Aegean islands had been added to this territory in 133 BC.

Athens and different Greek cities revolted in 88 BC, and the peninsula was crushed by the Roman common Sulla. The Roman civil wars devastated the land even additional, till Augustus organized the peninsula as the province of Achaea in 27 BC.

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