September 24, 2021
Capital cities in Europe

Capital Cities in Europe and Their Countries – Complete List

(Last Updated On: April 16, 2021)

Capital cities in Europe – Europe is a continent positioned solely within the Northern Hemisphere and largely within the Eastern Hemisphere. It contains the westernmost peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and Asia to the east.

Europe is usually thought-about to be separated from Asia by the watershed of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although a lot of this border is over land, Europe is mostly accorded the standing of a full continent due to its great bodily size and the burden of history and custom.

Europe covers about 10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s floor (6.8% of land space), making it the second smallest continent (utilizing the seven-continent model). Politically, Europe is split into about fifty sovereign states, of which Russia is the biggest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its inhabitants.

Europe had a total number of inhabitants of about 741 million (about 11% of the world’s inhabitants) as of 2018. The European local weather is basically affected by heat Atlantic currents that mood winters and summers on a lot of the continent, even at latitudes alongside which the local weather in Asia and North America is extreme. Further from the ocean, seasonal variations are more noticeable than near the coast.

European culture is the foundation of Western civilization, which traces its lineage back to ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the following Migration Period marked the end of Europe’s ancient history and the start of the Middle Ages.

Renaissance humanism, exploration, artwork, and science led to the modern period. Since the Age of Discovery, began by Portugal and Spain, Europe performed a predominant function in international affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers colonized in varied instances the Americas, nearly all of Africa and Oceania, and nearly all of Asia.

The Age of Enlightenment, the following French Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars formed the continent culturally, politically, and economically from the end of the 17th century till the first half of the 19th century.

The Industrial Revolution, which started in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and finally the broader world.

Both world wars passed off for essentially the most half in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century because the Soviet Union and the United States took prominence.

During the Cold War, Europe was divided alongside the Iron Curtain between NATO within the West and the Warsaw Pact within the East, till the revolutions of 1989 and the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Capital cities in Europe

Capital cities in Europe (According to Alphabetic order)

Country Capital City Population
Albania Tirana 418,495
Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,205
Austria Vienna 1,897,491
Belarus Minsk 1,982,444
Belgium Brussels 1,175,173
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 275,524
Bulgaria Sofia 1,241,675
Croatia Zagreb 792,875
Czechia Prague 1,301,132
Denmark Copenhagen 616,098
Estonia Tallinn 430,805
Faroe Islands Tórshavn 13,408
Finland Helsinki 639,227
France Paris 2,206,488
Germany Berlin 3,644,826
Gibraltar Gibraltar 34,003
Greece Athens 664,046
Guernsey Saint Peter Port 18,958
Hungary Budapest 1,751,219
Iceland Reykjavík 124,644
Ireland Dublin 553,165
Isle of Man Douglas 27,938
Italy Rome 2,873,147
Jersey Saint Helier 33,500
Kosovo Pristina 211,129
Latvia Riga 632,614
Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,668
Lithuania Vilnius 546,382
Luxembourg Luxembourg 119,215
Malta Valletta 5,735
Moldova Chisinau 339,079
Monaco Monaco 37,308
Montenegro Podgorica 187,085
Netherlands Amsterdam 864,217
North Macedonia Skopje 546,824
Norway Oslo 681,067
Poland Warsaw 1,764,615
Portugal Lisbon 505,526
Romania Bucharest 1,829,897
Russia Moscow 13,197,596
San Marino San Marino 4,127
Serbia Belgrade 1,378,682
Slovakia Bratislava 427,744
Slovenia Ljubljana 279,650
Spain Madrid 3,182,981
Svalbard Longyearbyen 2,144
Sweden Stockholm 935,619
Switzerland Bern 133,883
Ukraine Kiev 2,893,215
United Kingdom London 8,673,713
Åland Islands Mariehamn 11,709

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Capital cities in Europe

Capital cities in Europe (According to Population)

Country Capital City Population
Russia Moscow 13,197,596
United Kingdom London 8,673,713
Germany Berlin 3,644,826
Spain Madrid 3,182,981
Ukraine Kiev 2,893,215
Italy Rome 2,873,147
France Paris 2,206,488
Belarus Minsk 1,982,444
Austria Vienna 1,897,491
Romania Bucharest 1,829,897
Poland Warsaw 1,764,615
Hungary Budapest 1,751,219
Serbia Belgrade 1,378,682
Czechia Prague 1,301,132
Bulgaria Sofia 1,241,675
Belgium Brussels 1,175,173
Sweden Stockholm 935,619
Netherlands Amsterdam 864,217
Croatia Zagreb 792,875
Norway Oslo 681,067
Greece Athens 664,046
Finland Helsinki 639,227
Latvia Riga 632,614
Denmark Copenhagen 616,098
Ireland Dublin 553,165
North Macedonia Skopje 546,824
Lithuania Vilnius 546,382
Portugal Lisbon 505,526
Estonia Tallinn 430,805
Slovakia Bratislava 427,744
Albania Tirana 418,495
Moldova Chisinau 339,079
Slovenia Ljubljana 279,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 275,524
Kosovo Pristina 211,129
Montenegro Podgorica 187,085
Switzerland Bern 133,883
Iceland Reykjavík 124,644
Luxembourg Luxembourg 119,215
Monaco Monaco 37,308
Gibraltar Gibraltar 34,003
Jersey Saint Helier 33,500
Isle of Man Douglas 27,938
Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,205
Guernsey Saint Peter Port 18,958
Faroe Islands Tórshavn 13,408
Åland Islands Mariehamn 11,709
Malta Valletta 5,735
Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,668
San Marino San Marino 4,127
Svalbard Longyearbyen 2,144

Capital cities in Europe

Capital cities in Europe (According to Capital alphabetic order)

Country Capital City Population
Netherlands Amsterdam 864,217
Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,205
Greece Athens 664,046
Serbia Belgrade 1,378,682
Germany Berlin 3,644,826
Switzerland Bern 133,883
Slovakia Bratislava 427,744
Belgium Brussels 1,175,173
Romania Bucharest 1,829,897
Hungary Budapest 1,751,219
Moldova Chisinau 339,079
Denmark Copenhagen 616,098
Isle of Man Douglas 27,938
Ireland Dublin 553,165
Gibraltar Gibraltar 34,003
Finland Helsinki 639,227
Ukraine Kiev 2,893,215
Portugal Lisbon 505,526
Slovenia Ljubljana 279,650
United Kingdom London 8,673,713
Svalbard Longyearbyen 2,144
Luxembourg Luxembourg 119,215
Spain Madrid 3,182,981
Åland Islands Mariehamn 11,709
Belarus Minsk 1,982,444
Monaco Monaco 37,308
Russia Moscow 13,197,596
Norway Oslo 681,067
France Paris 2,206,488
Montenegro Podgorica 187,085
Czechia Prague 1,301,132
Kosovo Pristina 211,129
Iceland Reykjavík 124,644
Latvia Riga 632,614
Italy Rome 2,873,147
Jersey Saint Helier 33,500
Guernsey Saint Peter Port 18,958
San Marino San Marino 4,127
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 275,524
North Macedonia Skopje 546,824
Bulgaria Sofia 1,241,675
Sweden Stockholm 935,619
Estonia Tallinn 430,805
Albania Tirana 418,495
Faroe Islands Tórshavn 13,408
Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,668
Malta Valletta 5,735
Austria Vienna 1,897,491
Lithuania Vilnius 546,382
Poland Warsaw 1,764,615
Croatia Zagreb 792,875

We hope this table on capital cities in Europe was worth reading.

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