Capital City Khartoum
(15°38′N 032°32′E)
Largest City Khartoum
(15°38′N 032°32′E)
Population 45,561,556 (July 2020 est.)
Total area 718,719 Square Miles, 1,861,484 Square Kilometers
Suffrage 17 years of age; universal
Demonym Sudanese
Literacy rate 60.7%
Government type presidential republic
Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok
National anthem “Nahnu Djundulla Djundulwatan” (We Are the Army of God and Our Land)
National symbols secretary bird
National colors red, white, black, green
Agricultural land 100%
Official Language Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Borders Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, Chad and Libya.
Currency Sudanese pound (SDG)
Religion Islam
Life expectancy at birth 66.5 years (2020)
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Industries oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Exports $4.1 billion (2017 est.)
gold; oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum arabic, sugar
Imports $8.22 billion (2017 est.)
foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines, chemicals, textiles, wheat
GDP – per capita (PPP) $4,300 (2017 est.)
Natural resources petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower
Terrain generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the north
Mean elevation 568 m
Lowest point Red Sea 0 m
Highest point Jabal Marrah 3,042 m
Climate hot and dry; arid desert; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Birth rate 33.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate 6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio 1.01 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Time Zone EAT (UTC+3)
Internet country code .sd
Calling Code +259
Drives on the Right
Independence day 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and the UK)