The golden days of the Persian Empire were not only a symbol of interesting Facts as well as many Achievements. The first Persian Empire or the Achaemenid Empire was an empire based in West Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great. This article will discuss about Persian Empire Facts and its many of great Achievements.
Persian Empire Facts and Achievements
It was notable for its inclusion in various civilizations and for becoming the largest empire in ancient history, extending from the Balkans Peninsula in the west to the Indus Valley in the east. Here are some interesting facts about the First Persian Empire.
The Persian Empire is recognized by the invention of horizontal ventricles for grain grinding and pumping. They are the mind behind refrigeration and underground ventilation technology, creating the first refrigeration system known as “yachchals”.
3. Purple, The Royal One
Murex-Purple In ancient times, bromine-red purple obtained from the Murex shell is one of the most expensive materials in both the rarity and monetary value of natural dye.
In fact, the craze of dyes was so widespread that especially in the royal, elite, and wealthy merchants, even with purple, other cheap alternatives were expensive and out of the reach of the common man.
It inspired much Persian royalty to collect purple-colored robes that were given as gifts to high ranking officials.
A satrap held an important position in the Persian Empire. This can be equated with the modern-day governor. They are about 20-30 in number and their main task was to collect taxes and enforce the law
5. Human rights
The Persians were the first to hold a human rights certificate. A cylindrical baked clay, more specifically called the “Cypress Cylinder” and it was Christianized in 3 B.C.
The contents of the cylinder relate to the Akkadian language and to race, religion, and language equality.
6. The army
According to a Greek or historical Herodotus, a Persian adult (probably the elite of the society) was militarily trained until he was 20 years old.
7. Royal Protector
The royal guards were named “Ten Thousand Immortals”. Ironically, if a guardian “died”, an immediate replacement was called for, and the number never went below 10,000 in this group.
8. Royal Road
The Royal Road was a famous street of the Persian Empire built by The Great Darius. This road was huge and had a length of 1,700 miles. It extended from Sardis to Shuja.
The prophet Zoraster is an important figure for the Persians. The Persians followed Zoroastrianism based on the teachings of the Prophet Zoroaster. Ahura Mazda is the main god of this religion. Nevertheless, every person was allowed to maintain their religion and nothing was stressed.
The name ‘Persia’ comes from ‘Persis’, a region near the Persian Gulf in the Persian province.
Cyrus the Great came from this region, and from there he began his campaign to unify all other regions on the Iranian peninsula to form the Persian Empire.
Thus, those who refer to themselves as Persians are either associated with the Persian province or the “Persian name” when in reality they are Iranian themselves.
11. At Pasargad
Shiraz Cyrus led the construction of the empire’s first metropolis, Porgadai, which is also home to his tomb, which was later completed by his successor and second son, Cambyses. Parsaragade became the capital of the Persian Empire.
The city was built to withstand 7 magnitude earthquakes. It is one of the most visited sites by tourists in Iran.
12. Persian gardens
Talk about Heaven and we will refer to the Persian Gardens. In the 1970s, the Persian garden was excavated by David Stronach, who assumed that there was a private entry point that was guarded by the palaces of Pasargad.
Inside, one will find gardens, channels, pavilions, terraces, pools, and a walkway. In the center of the garden, there was a pool that took four separate sides and led to the flow of water in different channels.
Document historical documents related to gardening say that a large number of exotic animals roam the fields.
Foreign plants also grow in gardens, including tamarisk, oleander, roses, and violets. Many of these plants were used in making perfumes and herbs.
I hope this article on Persian Empire Facts and Achievements was worthy to you.
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